How to prevent caries from childhood
The quality of the last teeth is prepared from the teeth. Moreover, the way in which one feeds during childhood is crucial for the prevention of caries.
It is not because the milk teeth do not last in time that they should be neglected. The earlier the child acquires the right prevention reflexes, the better for the health of his teeth as an adult.
Sugar, so popular among children, is the enemy of teeth
Sugar Station! Dental caries is a multifactorial disease, and the consumption of sugars is considered one of the determining factors. These are the ones that will constitute the primary fuel of the bacteria causing caries. Sweet food intake (solids or liquids) very close together, acidic or sticky, increases the risk of caries.
Acidic foods like sodas, fruit juices, attack the tooth enamel. Sweets that stick like caramels or any other sweets that children keep in the mouth great favor bacterial proliferation.
No nibbling in small children
A little reminder for a healthy and balanced child’s diet, essential to the health of the teeth.
- Three to four meals a day. The rhythms of food intake must be respected.
- No snacking. The child should learn not to eat between meals to prevent his teeth from continuously contacting sugar.
- Prefer water as a drink (which also allows him to rinse his mouth). Sodas and fruit juices contain as much sugar.
- No food should be demonized or prohibited, but it is important to limit the frequency of consumption of high-sugar foods.
- Teach your child how to chew food, such as meat, because the tooth surfaces are self-cleaning.
- Calcium intake is important when making adult teeth, and severe deficiencies in childhood can lead to abnormalities.
Prevent early caries or “bottle syndrome.”
There is a particular case of caries in the minuscule child: early caries or “bottle syndrome.” These carious lesions are caused by a repeated intake of sweetened liquid (milk, fruit juice, syrup), in particular via the container proposed at the time of the child’s bedtime.
Teeth are less protected by saliva during the night
It should be noted that if milk is an essential food for the growth of the child, its repeated consumption every night, or at night when it wakes up, is harmful. Milk, even pure (infantile, maternal), contains sugar, in the form of lactose, used by the bacteria responsible for caries.
The child falls asleep with sweet liquid on all the teeth. However, they are not protected by saliva overnight because of a lower salivation. The bacteria will be able to use the sugar throughout the night, and this is how caries develop on all the teeth, from 12 or 15 months.
Avoid the child falling asleep in bed with a bottle of milk, or any other liquid, except pure water without added sugar. If possible, the bottle should not be placed at the child’s disposal or put in the bed. If a teat is used, it must not be soaked in honey or syrup.
What You Should Know About Brushing Teeth
A healthy diet alone is not enough to have good teeth; it is essential to wash them well, as soon as they appear, with toothpaste whose fluorine content is adapted to the age of the child.
- The brushing of the teeth in the baby before two years
Cleaning is done before bed with a wet compress or a soft toothbrush. The ANSM (National Agency for the Safety of Medicines) recommends the use of fluoridated toothpaste adapted to the age of the child. Offer a toothbrush with a short head and soft bristles.
Place yourself behind him and gently brush the brush on all sides of the teeth. The choice of the toothbrush is made according to the anatomy of the mouth, the shape of the teeth, the size of the hand and the control of the gestures. The younger the child, the smaller the head of the brush, and the short and bulging handle.
- Brushing teeth in children aged 2 to 6 years
Teach her to brush all teeth, each side one after another, with a back and forth motion and a low-dose fluoride toothpaste. Any toothbrush should be individual; it does not exchange or lend itself! Remember to change it as soon as the hair begins to curl.
- A fluoride toothpaste dosed according to the age of the child
Toothpaste is the indispensable element of an irreproachable oral hygiene. It helps to maintain a healthy teeth. Fluoride has a very efficient protective action against caries, and it also allows to remineralize carries when they are in the beginner stage.
However, be careful, it is important to respect the recommended fluoride dosage for the child’s age. The latter swallows most of the toothpaste, and this is to avoid excess fluoride which can cause unsightly spots on the permanent teeth.
- Before three years, the fluoride content of the toothpaste must be less than 500 ppm; a hazelnut is enough.
- From 3 to 6 years, a dosage at 500 ppm is recommended.
- Toothpaste should be sprayed as much as possible after brushing.