Dental and gum graft surgery


Dental and gum graft surgery: Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a recognized international surgical specialty. It is used to correct a broad spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the jaws and hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.

  • Surgical extraction of impacted teeth
  • Apical resection with bone graft uses BIO-OSS
  • The sinus disappearing with the grafting bone

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Dental and gum graft surgery
Dental and gum graft surgery

Dental and gum graft surgery: Surgical removal of impacted teeth

The best known impacted teeth are the wisdom teeth, these are the last teeth that develop. More commonly, they do not emerge on the gum line and become trapped, “impacted” beneath. This can result in swelling, pain and infection of the gum tissue. Further, they can cause permanent damage to nearby teeth, gums, and bone even by creating cysts or tumors and destroying sections of the jaw. So, dentists recommend that people with impacted wisdom teeth should be removed by the operation.

Other teeth can also become impacted, creating the same problems.

When is it necessary?

Unlike regular tooth extraction, tooth surgery removal is required when the tooth can not be seen easily in the mouth, because they have broken at the gum line or because they do not know Are not yet visible. Surgeons extractions almost always require an incision.


The surgical procedure is done under local anesthesia or IV sedation. The dentist cuts through the gum tissue to expose the tooth and may require the bone removal portions to release the tooth. The tooth should be removed in pieces to minimize the destruction of surrounding structures. The extraction site may require one or more points to help the incision heal.

After the Procedure

Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs are administered to patients.

Dental and gum graft surgery: Apical resection with bone grafting using BIO-OSS

 When is it necessary?

Apical resection is necessary when there is a cavity with infected tissue in the jawbone at the base of the root canal of the tooth.Most of the time the delta shape of the cavity makes it impossible to do the housework. The only way to clean the root, without extracting the tooth, is through apical resection.

The procedure

Apical resection involves creating the canal directly through the bone, removing the infected tissue and shortening the apex by 1 to 2 millimeters. Then bone defects can be filled with a material that stimulates regeneration (Bio-Oss).

The operation is done under local anesthesia.

What is BIO-OSS?

Bio-Oss is a natural bone substitute that promises bone growth.Bio-Oss provides the body with a matrix for bone cell migration and has the same morphology as human bone. It is a collagen membrane and functions as a natural protective barrier to help ensure peaceful bone regeneration.

After the procedure

  • For 1-2 days, avoid physical effort and talk less.
  • Clean your teeth as usual, but be careful around the wound.
  • Apply fresh compresses for 2-3 days, changing them often to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Avoid extreme heat/sun for 2-3 days.
  • Keep your head high at night for 2-3 days.
  • Do not drink or smoke for 2-3 days.
  • Eat only liquids (not too hot) for 3-4 days

How long is it necessary until complete recovery?

The doctor will remove your sutures after 2-7 days. The pain and swelling are passed after 2-3 days.

Why does it?

  • This is the only way to clean the infection without losing the tooth
  • Many people have recovered much easier than after a standard root canal treatment
  • It is a permanent solution that will usually last for life

Dental and gum graft surgery: Sinus lift with grafting bone

A sinus lift is an operation that adds the upper jaw bone (maxilla) for prosthetic reasons. It consists of 2 parts:

  • The sinus lift, in which the sinus membrane is raised to create space
  • The grafted bone, in which the bone grafts the material necessary to help the body to cultivate the bone, is performed in the released space

When is it necessary?

Sometimes when you want a dental implant operation in the upper jaw in front, you find that the bone mass is not enough to support the dental implant. This can have different causes, including:

  • The periodontal disease
  • If the teeth have been missing for a long time, the bone begins to reabsorb
  • The differences in the shape and size of the sinus among individuals

After the procedure

You should not blow your nose or sneeze. If you have seasonal allergies, you should be careful to schedule the proceedings when they are not active.

You take the medication against a toothache, salt sprays, antibiotic and antimicrobial mouthwash to help prevent infection.

Most patients know the only little lack of comfort after the sinus lift procedure.

How long does it take for complete recovery?

You will see the doctor after 7 to 10 days to remove the sutures. You will only have to wait, in all and for all, that six months the material of bone to integrate your jaw.

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