How to tell if you have cavities
Having good oral health is essential to keep your teeth healthy and vigorous. Without teeth in perfect condition, chewing and eating would be much more challenging and ingesting foods without chewing can produce stomach problems and overweight, among other things. One of the most common diseases due to poor dental care is the onset of cavities. If you do not heal on time, they can spread and spread over your teeth, then become infected. For this to happen, this article from genf20guide explains how to know if you have caries so that you can identify them and treat them in time.
1.The cavities are an infection due to the adhesion of bacteria on the teeth, the famous plaque “or” bacterial plaque. Whenever you consume food, the bacteria in your mouth produce acids that dissolve and damage the enamel of your teeth and dentin. In general, said bacteria are used to adhere to the specific parts of the dentition, such as the surface of the molars and premolars or the zone parallel to the gums. In this way, they can also damage the gums and lead to other diseases such as gingivitis.
2.The decay produces the destruction of different tissues of the tooth in four stages:
It first attacks enamel, usually causing a small dark or white spot on the tooth, but painless.
Then it attacks the dentine, and it is at this moment that the tooth becomes sensitive or even painful. If at this stage decay is not treated, it can lead to serious complications and health problems.
It then attacks the pulp, which contains the nerves and tissues of the tooth, and result in a very painful infection and tooth rage.
The caries bacteria will spread from the tissues of the pulp, causing an abscess and killing the living tissue, leaving a void in the teeth that can become infected in turn, resulting in even more severe complications
It will then be necessary to devitalize the tooth, i.e., to remove all the living tissues to prevent the bacteria from spreading.
3.At the beginning of the formation of the decay, it is tough to detect it, because it does not produce discomfort and hardly sees itself. It is advisable to go twice a year to your dentist to examine your teeth and detect the onset of cavities. In the case of your oral health, prevention is better than cure!
4.Even if during the first days it is complicated to detect cavities, as they progress, certain evidence will make you discover them. The symptoms most common are:
- The Enamel of the Tooth Loses Its Shine
- The affected tooth becomes dull and begins to change color (this is not always a reliable symptom)
- Chewing pain of certain foods, especially sweet and sour
- Sensitivity to cold and heat (for drinks and food)
- If decay is at an advanced stage, parts of the tooth may break
- Formation of holes in tooth
- Beats to the tooth
If you do not treat your cavities, it can cause ear pain similar to ear infections or headaches such as palpitations. It is advisable to inspect your teeth every day with a mirror to see if any of these symptoms is present in your mouth. Although the color change is not always a sign of cavities, it can tell you that you have another type of infection or that you have too much tartar.
5.If you notice any of these symptoms, go to your dentist immediately to make a diagnosis and treat your decay. Remember that if you do not do so, the damage may become irreversible.
6.To prevent the appearance of caries brush your teeth at least three times a day, this is essential to keep teeth healthy, and complete with dental floss and mouthwashes.